Specific learning difficulties (Dyslexia)

Pupils with dyslexia are characterised by the following:

  • Significant difficulty in reading and spelling compared to other skills and subjects
  • Difficulty in blending and segmenting sounds for reading and spelling
  • Weak short term verbal memory,  eg may forget what has just been said
  • Slow processing of spoken and written language

Teaching and learning strategies typically used by schools for pupils with dyslexia may include:

  • Offer tasks to suit the pupil’s level of interest and understanding but with support for their underdeveloped reading and spelling skills
  • Provide subject specific key words to help with reading and spelling
  • Sensitively correct spelling mistakes
  • Encourage the use of appropriate dictionaries or spellcheckers
  • Assist in the reading of worksheets and text or provide class “buddy”
  • Provide assistive technology to support reading of text, eg, “Read Write Gold” / reading pens
  • Offer alternative methods of recording work ie spider diagrams / mind maps / ICT / oral / tape
  • Offer multi-sensory tasks and teaching styles
  • Give clear instructions for completing tasks in both verbal and written form, broken down into manageable sized chunks
  • Repeat and reinforce instructions and information regularly
  • Question regularly to check understanding / retention of instructions
  • Give additional time for the pupil to answer questions both orally and in written form
  • Use writing frames / prompts to support pupil’s organization of thoughts and completion of work